Erik the red
Immerse yourself in the sights, sounds and scents of a recreation of the farmstead of Erik the Red, discoverer and settler of Greenland. Eiríksstaðir is the. Mai Íslenska: is:Eiríkur rauði Þorvaldsson: Eiríkur rauði (d. um ) var fyrstur til að nema land á Grænlandi og var faðir Leifs Eiríkssonar. Erik the Red. Gefällt Mal. staub.nu
In the final summer he explored as far north as Snaefell and into Hrafnsfjord. When Erik returned to Iceland after his exile had expired, he is said to have brought with him stories of "Greenland".
Erik deliberately gave the land a more appealing name than "Iceland" in order to lure potential settlers.
He explained, "people would be attracted to go there if it had a favorable name". His salesmanship proved successful, as many people especially "those Vikings living on poor land in Iceland" and those that had suffered a "recent famine" became convinced that Greenland held great opportunity.
After spending the winter in Iceland, Erik returned to Greenland in with a large number of colonists. Out of 25 ships that left for Greenland only 14 arrived, 11 were lost at sea.
Eventually, a Middle Settlement grew, but many people suggest it formed part of the Western Settlement. The Eastern and Western Settlements, both established on the southwest coast, proved the only two areas suitable for farming.
During the summers, when the weather favored travel more, each settlement would send an army of men to hunt in Disko Bay above the Arctic Circle for food and other valuable commodities such as seals used for rope , ivory from walrus tusks, and beached whales.
He held the title of paramount chieftain of Greenland and became both greatly respected and wealthy. The settlement flourished, growing to 5, inhabitants spread over a considerable area along Eriksfjord and neighboring fjords.
Groups of immigrants escaping overcrowding in Iceland joined the original party. However, one group of immigrants which arrived in brought with it an epidemic that ravaged the colony, killing many of its leading citizens , including Erik himself.
Pirate raids,  conflict with Inuit moving into the Norse territories, and the colony's abandonment by Norway became other factors in its decline.
Erik himself remained a follower of Norse paganism , unlike his son Leif and Leif's wife, who became Christians.
After being baptized by king Olaf Tryggvason , Leif brought the message of Christianity to Greenland, becoming something of an evangelist.
While his wife took heartily to the religion, even commissioning Greenland's first church, Erik greatly disliked the faith and stuck to his Norse Gods — which, the sagas relate, led Thjodhild to withhold intercourse from her husband.
While not the first to sight the North American continent, Leif Erikson became the first Viking to explore the land of Vinland part of North America, probably near modern-day Newfoundland.
Leif invited his father on the voyage, but according to legend, Erik fell off his horse on his way to the ship and took this as a bad sign, leaving his son to continue without his company.
There is no evidence that Leif was aware of his father's death until he returned to Greenland. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the Viking. For other uses, see Erik the Red disambiguation. Note anachronistic details in his weapons and armor. Eirik Raude ; Danish: Erik Röde ; Faroese: Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada.
Encyclopedia of World Biography. Retrieved November 8, The Northmen, Columbus and Cabot, — Charles Scribner's Sons, Retrieved August 1, Retrieved 1 August The History of Canada.
Archived from the original on He was banished once again, this time for a period of three years. This time, Erik moved even further west just like his dad once did.
He founded a Viking colony on the island of Greenland at the southernmost tip somewhere around or He was the first person to have a permanent settlement in this unspoiled but barely habitable frozen land.
From there, the intrepid explorer mapped Greenland to the west and north for two years. He found the areas suitable for raising livestock, and he called the place Greenland as a way to entice more settlers to come to the area.
In , his banishment ended. Erik returned to Iceland and convinced people to return to Greenland with him. On his triumphant return to Greenland, Erik the Red set off with 25 ships, of which only 14 completed the journey.
Two settlements in southern Greenland harbored as many as 2, people in their heyday. Erik the Red lived like a king in Greenland, which boded well for raising his four children.
His sons were Leif, Thorvald, and Thorstein, while his daughter was Freydis. Leif Eriksson , meanwhile, became the first European to see North America when he and his men landed in Newfoundland on the eastern coast of Canada sometime in early s, a full years or more before Christopher Columbus.
Next, check out these crazy Viking facts. Erik the Red didn't let a murder charge or a banishment or two hold him back from settling the world's largest island.
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You might also like.Ihr Abreisedatum ist ungültig. Sie interessieren sich für die Wikinger im hohen Norden und wollen die Geschichte dieser unerschrockenen Seefahrer und Siedler hautnah miterleben? Wenn du es schaffst, die gesamte Gewinntabelle mit Expanding Wilds zu füllen, winkt ein Jackpot von Leif kommt frei und die Gegner verbünden sich. Gefällt Ihnen diese Unterkunft, Sie sind jedoch noch nicht sicher? Dreibettzimmer mit eigenem Bad 3 Einzelbetten. Es bleibt zudem bestehen, solange sich die Rollen drehen. Die Mannen sind mit klassischen Drachenbooten unterwegs und symboltechnisch mit an Bord sind Erik und die zauberhafte Helga sowie verschiedene Wikinger-Schilde und unverzichtbare und typische Gegenstände wie eine Axt, ein Horn und ein Helm. Erneut versuchen Fehlen Ihnen Informationen? The Offices of the Cabinet of Iceland. Informationen zum Mittag- und Abendessen Preise der Mahlzeiten. Ein schwerer Schlag war eine Epidemie , die Neukolonisten nach Grönland brachten und der auch Erik zum Opfer fiel. Sie haben sich angemeldet und erhalten in Kürze eine Willkommens-E-Mail. Um musste Eriks Vater aus Norwegen fliehen, da er einen Mord begangen hatte. Return to parent page.